Focus on Africa

An official meeting of scientists and government officials, which will make a final decision on the matter, should take place in the complex European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) in Grenoble in November of 2015. This was reported by BBC News.

Professor Herman Winick from Stanford University and National Accelerator Laboratory SLAC said that the continent need a new synchrotron because Africa, excluding Antarctica, currently remains the only continent in the world that does not have such facility.

Accelerated to a high-energy in an accelerator particles, as expected, will be generating X-rays. Scientists are going to use it in their biomedical and environmental studies. Separately, the researchers noted the role that the accelerator will play in attracting young professionals to Africa.

It is planned to spend about $ 200 million on the construction of a synchrotron. Scientists reported that they would want to launch it in the next 10-15 years. Construction and operation of the accelerator is planned to be carried out by joint efforts of several African countries as well as countries in Europe and the United States.

As an example of such cooperation, the parties recalled Synchrotron-Light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East (SESAME) – the first synchrotron in the Middle East. The founders of that project were Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Turkey, Jordan, Pakistan, Israel and Palestine.

SESAME plan involves the creation of a storage ring with the energy of the particles of up to 2.5 gigaelectronvolt. Construction of the synchrotron is taking place in Jordan. Laying the foundation for this device took place on January 6, 2003. The work should be finished in 2015.

Currently, there are about 50 synchrotrons in the world. The world’s largest devices could also be considered this type of accelerator – such as relaunchable Large Hadron Collider at the border of France and Switzerland and the American Tevatron in Illinois which completed its operation.

Synchrotron is one of the most common types of cyclic particle accelerators. Charged particles (for example, protons and electrons) are accelerated in its vacuum chamber to high energy. In synchrotron they move in an increasing magnetic field (at constant frequency of the electric field, unlike in synchrophasotron) on circular orbits of constant radius (as opposed to a cyclotron where the particles are moving in a spiral).

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